How to assemble a first-aid kit on a trip
Unfortunately, a universal medical kit for any occasion does not exist, it all depends on the method of transportation, route and other nuances. But there are a few general rules for collecting first-aid kits for travelers. But most importantly – do not forget to take out large-scale medical insurance, this will save you strength, time and a lot of money. And let it not come in handy for you!
1. What must be in the first-aid kit of a traveler
There are not so many medicines that absolutely everyone needs to take on the road. These are antihistamines, rehydration drugs, analgesic, and antipyretic drugs, enterosorbents, antiseptics, and dressings.
Just in case, take antihistamines in different dosage forms – local (cream/spray/gel) and general (usual tablets) action. And remember, these drugs can not only alleviate the condition but also save a life because you probably heard about such a thing as anaphylactic shock.
- Painkillers and antipyretics
The most versatile drugs – paracetamol and ibuprofen, are available in many forms, suitable for any wallet and age, and have a minimum of contraindications. If you have small children, you need to have both, it is better in different dosage forms (suppositories and syrup). Take syrup for children with a margin. For example, for three days of temperature in two children older than one year, one standard bottle of Panadol is definitely not enough for you.
- Means for rehydration
Rehydrating agents prevent dehydration, which is important in all cases of vomiting and diarrhea, high fever and infections. These drugs are the most important component of any first-aid kit. Remember that in children dehydration occurs suddenly and the condition can deteriorate rapidly. It is most convenient to take powders with you in a batch packaging for the preparation of a solution.
The mechanism of their action is clear from the name – they bind harmful substances and contribute to their removal from the body; used for food poisoning and allergies. Modern enterosorbents are produced mainly in the form of gels, including those with a sweet taste for children. For adults, by the way, swallowing such a sweet gel is also easier, so take one at all, they take up a lot of space.
- Antiseptics, disinfectants, and dressings.
A set of bactericidal and simple adhesives of various shapes and sizes and a few sterile gauze wipes are usually enough. It is better to take antiseptics that are neutral, do not damage the skin and do not get dirty, in this sense, greenback loses much to hydrogen peroxide and chlorhexidine. You may also need an agent for treating wounds with an antibiotic (powder or ointment) and any drug that accelerates the regeneration and healing of the skin.
- Mosquitoes and sunburn repellents carry diseases such as malaria and yellow fever that are easier to prevent than cure, so repellents should be with everyone who is traveling in Asia, Africa and some countries in America. There are a lot of options – aerosols, fumigants, ointments, etc., choose what is more convenient for you, and do not forget about the mosquito net if traveling with a baby. One of the most effective remedies for sunburn is gel with the addition of aloe, and the most universal is a spray with panthenol, it is also suitable for treating more serious burns and wounds.
2. If you suffer from a chronic illness or take a course of medication
Even if it’s not about life-threatening conditions, but about something commonplace, such as herpes or a started course of vitamins, take all the medicines with you, do not expect to buy them on the spot. If you have any medications prescribed by your doctor, you need to have a supply with you for at least the whole vacation time, the dosage forms are different everywhere, and it’s not always possible to find an analog in another country. In addition, the rules for dispensing drugs vary from country to country, and what you can easily buy at home somewhere in Europe can only be sold by prescription.
3. How to pack
Separately, the following baggage can always be lost, so most of the medicines should be with you. In hand luggage, take all regularly taken and vital medicines, antipyretic and antihistamines, and an antiseptic. It is logical to put in a suitcase what takes up a lot of space and is unlikely to be needed on the road: dressings, large packages with sorbents, sprays, aerosols, and lotions. If you bring medicines containing potent substances with you, be sure to grab the original prescription (or a doctor’s certificate with a seal if the medicine is non-prescription) and its translation into English, they may be asked to present at customs. This is especially true for those leaving for the United States and the European Union. Do not forget about the rules of airlines – it is forbidden to take liquids with a volume of more than 100 ml into the plane (this does not apply to vital medicines), so pack a large bottle of peroxide in a suitcase. For obvious reasons, we recommend taking all liquid products in unopened packaging – for example, cough syrup is almost not washed.
If there is enough space in your luggage, and you are going to an unfamiliar place for a long time, it is reasonable to take with you also antacid, vasoconstrictive drops and cold remedies to choose from. The rest depends on the specifics of the trip: gathered in the mountains, take medicine for mountain sickness with you, hemostatic agents will be useful in the trip, and if you change time zones, you can use light sleeping pills or melatonin. And be sure to do all the necessary vaccinations before the trip, notify your doctor and pediatrician about the departure and take their mobile phone numbers.